Proportional Representation – Missouri
Our proposal for proportional representation in the Missouri General Assembly. State senators would be elected at-large (on a state-wide basis), with 17 members of the 34 seat Senate elected to four-year terms at each general election in even-numbered years. The Missouri House of Representatives would consist of 10 members elected from each of Missouri’s eight congressional districts. This would reduce the size of the Missouri House from 163 members to 80 members, saving the taxpayers of Missouri approximately $7 million per year.
Our proposal utilizes the “ordered-party list” form of PR. In primary elections, the voters in each party would vote for individual candidates from each party, with the top ten vote getters in each party placed in an ordered list (the candidate with the most votes listed first, the second most votes listed second, etc.).
In the general election, voters would vote for a party and its ordered list of candidates (or for an independent candidate, who would earn a place on the ballot by gathering signatures on a petition). Each party would be given a percentage of the seats in each house of the General Assembly equal to the percentage of the total votes cast received by each party. If a party gets 50% of the votes, it would get 50% of the seats. If a party gets 10% of the votes, it would get 10% of the seats.
This means a party (or independent candidate) would need to get at least 5.88% of the vote state-wide to win each of the seats in the Senate up for election every two years and 10% of the votes in a congressional district for each seat in the Missouri House.
A more detailed description of proportional representation and a description of the benefits is available here.
This petition was drafted by Winston Apple. It has been submitted to the Secretary of State’s office in Missouri. It has been approved as to form. It should be approved for circulation the second week of April. If enough signatures are obtained by May 3, 2020, it will be on the ballot in Missouri on November 3, 2020. If approved by the voters, it will be effective 30 days later.
Here is a link to the full and complete text of this initiative petition.